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Responsible Conduct of Research

What is Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR)?

The Office of Research Integrity (ORI) of the US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) has identified nine core instructional areas that are important for the responsible conduct of research:

  • Data Acquisition, Management, Sharing, and Ownership
  • Mentor/Trainee Responsibilities
  • Publication Practices and Responsible Authorship
  • Peer Review
  • Collaborative Science
  • Human Subjects
  • Animal Welfare
  • Research Misconduct
  • Conflict of Interest and Commitment


RCR Training

The ORC provides training on the Responsible Conduct of Research through CITI.

What is CITI?

The Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI) is an online training program that offers training in human subjects research protections, animal care and use, biosafety, and responsible conduct of research.

Who must take the RCR training?
NSF expects institutions to be able to verify that those students (undergraduates and graduates) and postdoctoral researchers who receive NSF funds (support from salary and/or stipends to conduct research on NSF grants) will obtain RCR training.

How do I create a CITI account?

Which training modules should I complete?
There are following courses are available for RCR:

  • RCR for Biomedical Sciences
  • RCR for Engineering
  • RCR for Humanities
  • RCR for Physical Sciences
  • RCR for Social, Behavioral, and Educational (SBE) Sciences
  • RCR for Research Administration

Choose the course that is most appropriate to your area of research.  You only need to sign up for one, but can take as many as you would like.  Once you have successfully finished the modules in your course, a completion report will be available to document your training.  We recommend that you print a copy of this report for your records.  You also have the opportunity to complete a voluntary and anonymous satisfaction survey regarding the CITI training.

If you have questions about using the CITI program or RCR, please contact the Office of Research Compliance, 208-426-5401.